National parks are usually stunningly beautiful, but governments and states earmark a section of their countries’ land for particular reasons. They preserve our natural heritage, the extraordinary wildlife and old forests. They also preserve places of well-being and social history and are good for the economy by attracting millions of visitors every year.
National Parks Primary Purpose
National parks have a primary purpose and that is the protection of biodiversity which is a particular ecosystem of a particular place, including the diversity of the species of flora and fauna that live there. These parks give invaluable social, cultural and health benefits to the people who reside in or near the land. And allows those people to preserve their natural way of life for future generations to see.
National parks preserve ancient species and are the cornerstone of protecting biodiversity in a particular nation. They leave the land free of man’s development so that vital habitats, which protect plants and animals so they grow and thrive, are retained. In essence they are conservation areas by supporting a resilient environment that, in turn, will let natural species of a region survive.
It is not just the ethical values that make national parks such a benefit, they also provide a huge boost to a nation’s economy, with nature-based tourism bringing in huge profits. Not only is it good for the ecosystem, it is also of benefit to the economy. The byproduct of this tourism is that it is healthy tourism. It allows people to visit wild areas of natural land and interact with it. Healthy activities can take place such as walking, cycling, climbing, and swimming, which can be enjoyed by the whole family. Large tourist attractions not only bring in revenue, they also create jobs for local inhabitants and bring attention far and wide to the cause they are protecting.
National parks are normally chosen because they are alive with culture and history, some parks even protect the land that goes back millions of years. They are a natural history book of what has taken place before. Nowadays, national parks preserve these fragile places so that future generations can learn how their ancestors lived and what foods they ate, what medicine they used and what tools they worked the land with. The land can also tell us how religions were observed, what celebrations were held and how the people connected with the land.
Health and Wellbeing
Finally, these glorious natural areas have an effect not just physically but also mentally: to wander through a protected natural landscape gives an overall feeling of wellbeing. It gives all of us an opportunity to step away from the hectic pace of life today, enjoy nature and keep fit whilst doing so.
There has been research on the beneficial effect of human contact with the natural environment. It has shown that it gives a significant positive effect both physically and psychologically. People who have recently had contact with their natural surroundings are less stressed, frustrated, angry, aggressive. National parks offer so much to the community, they protect our old ways of life and preserve the natural habitat for future generations to learn and enjoy.