Why are There National Parks?

Every nation around the world have national parks, but why? Most countries have national parks because it is a protected area of land that is a great example of their ecosystems and indicative of what the country is all about. By designating these areas as parks of the nation, vast swathes of unspoiled landscape are preserved; native plants, local animals and cultural significance would be saved for future generations. It also allows the local community and visitors to see the land as it always has been and leaves important features for scientific research.

Each national park has its own unique identity, separate regions in of the country have different aims behind establishing their parks and this was put into writing when, in 1949, the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act was passed as a law.

The Purpose of National Parks

The act of parliament had two main purposes it wanted to achieve:

  • To conserve the land, its natural beauty, its wildlife and flora as well as the cultural heritage.
  • To provide and promote opportunities to get the public to understand the unique qualities of these designated areas.

These were the main points of the proposed act and it would govern over England and Wales, the driving force behind it all is the well-being of the communities living in the areas and the need to sponsor economic growth. Many of the traditions of the land and the way of living can be kept alive in this way, and old skills can be retained before they are lost forever by modern progress.

The Norfolk & Suffolk Broads

The Norfolk and Suffolk Broads Act of 1988 gave way to view the Boards on the equal footing with the national parks. The Broads have the same purposes for formation as the rest of the national parks do, with the addition of protecting the interests of navigation over and above the two given to the English National Park Authorities (as stated in the new act). None of these three purposes carries any more weight than the other two. However, because the Broads are also a navigation authority, they have the extra responsibility and functionality associated with the preservation of the land.


During 1951 and 2000, only England and Wales could boats having officially preserved national land water areas. This was changed with the National Parks Scotland Act, and the locales of Loch Lomond, The Cairngorms and The Trossachs were all nominated as Scottish National Parks.

According to the information, provided by the national parks department, Scotland raised the bar and set out four goals for their parks program:

  • To take care of the cultural and national heritage of the region.
  • To find tenable ways of using the natural resources.
  • To encourage the community to appreciate and enjoy the unique features of the park.
  • To help the communities that lived in the area by promoting sustainable social and economic development.

Currently there have been no official designated national parks in Northern Ireland, but large areas of this marvelous country are protected by the AONB which stands for the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

These are the main reasons and purposes behind the national parks of Great Britain, other countries have different reasoning for protecting their most valuable natural areas. But one common thread is to preserve the wild beauty of the land and to protect it for future generations.